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Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral

versión On-line ISSN 2173-2345versión impresa ISSN 1889-836X


LOPEZ-RAMIRO, E.; RUBERT, M.; MAHILLO, I.  y  DE LA PIEDRA, C.. Secondary hyperparathyroidism due to vitamin D deficiency. Rev Osteoporos Metab Miner [online]. 2016, vol.8, n.2, pp.55-60. ISSN 2173-2345.

Introduction: Vitamin D is increasingly recognized as playing a significant role in combatting many diseases. One is the development of secondary hyperthyroidism due vitamin D deficiency. To date, laboratory quantification methods of serum vitamin D were not well standardized. It could not be established with certainty from which levels of vitamin D certains abnormalities take place, like an elevation of PTH. The present study was aimed at determining below what vitamin D levels we will find abnormally high levels of PTH, carrying out the vitamin D determination in the laboratory with a standardized, reliable technique. Methods: This descriptive, retrospective study was conducted with patients over 18 years in which determinations were made simultaneously with PTH, 25 (OH) vitamin D (25OHD) and which also have normal values of calcium, glomerular filtration rate and phosphorus. For determining vitamin D, standardized electrochemiluminescence method was used with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method. Using the Stava version 11 statistical program, the 25OHD was calculated where PTH value was above 70 pg/ml with greater sensitivity and specificity. Results: In all, 4,083 patients were included, of whom 2,858 were women (70%) and 1,225 (30%) males. The mean age of the study population was 60.60 years (standard deviation, 15.29). 74% of the population had a serum PTH under 70 pg/ml (normal values) and 26% had a serum PTH higher tan 70 ng/ml. By constructing the ROC curve levels of 25OHD, depending on PTH values below or above 70 pg/ml, the area under the curve was 0.5962 (p<0.0001). The cut having jointly account the sensitivity and specificity that determined vitamin D levels to predict PTH values above 70 pg/ml was 24 ng/ml. Of the patients with normal PTH, 71% presented normal vitamin D values, while patients with elevated PTH (Greater than 70 pg/ml), almost half had a vitamin D below 24 ng / ml, which increased as the PTH percentage was elevated. Conclusions: The 25OHD value that presents better specificity and sensitivity to predict abnormally high PTH is 24 ng/ml, which is higher than the level reported in previous work, (about 18 ng/ml) value. The results of this study, carried out with an appropriately calibrated method, showed that 44.9% of patients with vitamin D values of less than 24 ng/ml PTH had abnormally high levels, with a normal value of calcium and phosphorus and normal renal function. This percentage is less in those individuals between 18 and 40 years (24%) and reaches 49% beyond 60 years. These patients could be treated with vitamin D to prevent possible secondary hyperparathyroidism due to vitamin deficiency. It is noteworthy that the method of determining vitamin D used must be properly standardized with respect to gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method.

Palabras clave : secondary hyperparathyroidism; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D standarization program; tandem-mass spectrometry; 25 (OH) vitamin D.

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