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Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral

On-line version ISSN 2173-2345Print version ISSN 1889-836X


BLANCH, J et al. Medical care circuits for postmenopausal patients in Spain. Rev Osteoporos Metab Miner [online]. 2017, vol.9, n.2, pp.62-71. ISSN 2173-2345.


To reach a consensus on the medical care circuits of patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO), including derivation and management (assessment tools and medical tests), identifying profiles according to the opinion of bone metabolism experts, from Spain’s Health Service.

Material and methods:

The Delphi technique was used with two successive consultation rounds, with 38 experts in PMO management belonging to 14 scientific societies taking part in the study. Review of literature and the opinion of the scientific committee rounded out the questionnaire. The experts expressed their "desire" (1=total rejection, 9=stronger desire) and "forecast" (1=will absolutely not occur; 9=will occur with maximum probability) about the issues raised. A consensus was reached when 75% or more of the participants scored 1-3 (disagreement) or 7-9 (agreement). In addition, experts were divided up into 3 discussion groups to complement the information according to patient profiles found previously in the Delphi method.


Consensus was reached on 75% of the questions. The experts established three profiles of PMO patients: no fracture, vertebral fracture and non-vertebral fracture, as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic resources recommended for these patients.

The patient without a fracture should be managed in Primary Care or Rheumatology and scales will be used to evaluate fracture risk in early stages of the disease. The patient with chronic vertebral fracture should refer to Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, and will be Rheumatology, whereas the patient with acute vertebral fracture should be treated in Orthopedic Surgery, and this is how it will possibly happen. Diagnosis of vertebral fracture patients will be based mainly on x-rays.

To assess progress, questionnaires on the functional capacity and pain scales are recommended. However, these will not be used due to the lack of time involved. The patient with non-vertebral fracture should be and will be referred to Orthopedic Surgery, with 3-4 radiographs recommended to ensure fracture consolidation.


Delphi method results indicate that referral of PMO patients are concentrated in Primary Rheumatology, when there is no fracture, and Orthopedic Surgery, in the case of fracture.

Keywords : postmenopausal osteoporosis; vertebral fracture; non-vertebral fracture; derivative circuits.

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