SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.14 issue3Usefulness of the use of color code glucometers as a therapeutic tool in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Primary CareEffect of an educational nursing intervention on the knowledge of the caregiver for the care of the elderly author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google



On-line version ISSN 1988-348X


AYALA SAN MARTIN, Lorena Soledad. Promotion and prevention of cognitive deterioration and dementia in older people. Ene. [online]. 2020, vol.14, n.3, e14304.  Epub Apr 05, 2021. ISSN 1988-348X.

Population aging worldwide has led to an increase in the prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases, presenting itself as a challenge for health teams. The objective of this work is to analyze scientific evidence related to the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementias, nationally and internationally, in older people.


Review of available scientific evidence.


15 articles were selected, of those 1 is national, where made review of the protective and risk factors for the presentation of dementias in older people is made. The other 14 studies are international, 7 are experimental studies where a program of activities in the community that were positive for cognitive performance is applied to the study subjects. The other 7 studies are observational where protective factors for the prevention of dementia are analyzed.


The risk factors for the presentation of mild cognitive impairment and dementias are similar to other chronic non-communicable diseases, the work on protective factors, would improve cognitive performance and delay the advance of dementias in the initial stages. Long-term and local studies are required to observe the national reality.

Keywords : Cognitive Dysfunction; aged; Prevention; Dementias.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )