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FEM: Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica

versión On-line ISSN 2014-9840versión impresa ISSN 2014-9832


ALVAREZ-MONTERO, Santiago et al. Keys of comprehensive educational mentoring for medical students: a review of biomedical literature. FEM (Ed. impresa) [online]. 2021, vol.24, n.5, pp.229-235.  Epub 15-Nov-2021. ISSN 2014-9840.


There are theoretical and empirical reasons that justify the interest of comprehensive educational mentoring (CEM). The present work aims to identify the keys collected in the medical literature of the CEM in medical students.

Materials and methods.

A search has been carried out, with the words ‘Mentor’ and ‘Medical Students’ in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ScienceDirect, Scopus© and SCIELO Journals, with no initial date until May 2019.


1816 titles were reviewed, from which 169 abstracts were selected and, of them, 51 full-text articles were used to obtain keys about CEM. In the medical bibliography it is highlighted that the fundamental objective of CEM is to achieve a comprehensive personal and professional development of the student, that is important designing mentors’ selection criteria and training, achieving an adequate relationship, designing a flexible curricular plan, the institution support and work awarding, taking into account of possible obstacles to avoid them and that the process, contents and results of the plan have to be evaluated.


The present study has identified CEM keys in the medical field. It is needed an advance in the definition of a well-focus theoretical conceptual framework and gaining evidence on the training outcomes.

Palabras clave : Comprehensive education; Graduate medical education; Medical students; Mentoring; Mentors; Narrative review.

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