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FEM: Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica

versión On-line ISSN 2014-9840versión impresa ISSN 2014-9832


MATEOS-RODRIGUEZ, Alonso A et al. Self-assessment of skill acquisition in clinical simulations for medical undergraduate students. FEM (Ed. impresa) [online]. 2022, vol.25, n.4, pp.189-194.  Epub 28-Sep-2022. ISSN 2014-9840.


The self-perception that students have to develop their clinical practice is the most accurate way to assess how prepared they feel and what their abilities are. The University develops an innovative and complete simulation program that allows students to enhance their own learning and that of their classmates, with feedback situations from the simulation instructors of the faculty itself.

Subjects and methods.

The study took place in the academic year 2019-2020. During the study period, 3rd-year students completed 3 simulation scenarios, 4th-year students 4 cases, and 5th-year students completed 3 scenarios. Before and after each simulation session, they anonymously and voluntarily completed an electronic questionnaire on self-perception of technical and non-technical skills.


Of the 121 third-year students, 79 (65.3%) answered the initial questionnaire and 68 (61.2%) the final questionnaire. In the fourth year, 111 students participated, and 63 students (56.8%) answered the initial questionnaire and 68 (61.2%) the final one. The fifth course was composed of 97 students, of which 94 (96.9%) answered the initial questionnaire and 69 (71.1%) the final one. All the items of the self-perception survey improved in a statistically significant way (p < 0.001) in the final survey. The mean baseline scores on the non-technical dimension were higher than the mean scores on the technical dimension for all study courses.


The results we obtained showed an improvement in the self-perception of the students' abilities and in their confidence to perform the tasks of the simulations. Higher grade students feel more confident in both technical and non-technical skills, such as communication.

Palabras clave : Clinical simulation; Degree in Medicine; Non-technical skills; Self-assessment; Students; Technical skills.

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