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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

On-line version ISSN 2174-5145Print version ISSN 2173-1292


GIRALDO GIRALDO, Nubia Amparo; PAREDES ARTURO, Yenny Vicky; IDARRAGA IDARRAGA, Yelithza  and  AGUIRRE ACEVEDO, Daniel Camilo. Malnutrition or malnutrition risk related factors in older adults from San Juan de Pasto, Colombia: a cross sectional study. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.1, pp.39-48. ISSN 2174-5145.


Malnutrition is a common health problem in older adults; it is related to aging as with other health, social and economic factors. The aim of this study was to establish the frequency of malnutrition or malnutrition risk and associated factors in a sample of older adults located in San Juan de Pasto, Nariño, Colombia.

Material and Methods:

This was a cross sectional study on a sample of 261 older adults. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used to rate the nutritional status. For cognitive evaluation, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was used. Depressive symptoms were evaluated with Yesavage scale and the grade of functional independence with Lawton and Brody scale. A logistic regression model and raw and adjusted odds ratio (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence interval were calculated to establish relation between clinic and sociodemographic factor with MNA.


The 60.1% of older adults had malnutrition risk and 6.5% had malnutrition. Older adults who lived in low socioeconomic levels (OR=2,07; IC95%: 1,18-3,64), with functional dependency (OR=2,74; IC95%: 1,07-5,53) and had depressive symptoms (OR=7,02; IC95%: 2,08-23,74) showed a greater malnutrition or malnutrition risk.


These findings show a high percentage of older adults with malnutrition or malnutrition risk linked to low socioeconomical levels, functional dependency and depressive symptoms. Integrated management towards the evaluation and planned interventions is required accounting the factors that trigger malnutrition.

Keywords : Malnutrition; Risk Factors; Aged.

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