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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

On-line version ISSN 2174-5145Print version ISSN 2173-1292


HERRERA, Deysibeth; NG, Cristel; DURAN-AGUERO, Samuel  and  RIOS-CASTILLO, Israel. Sleep pattern, nutritional status and dietary intake in Panama City security agents: a cross sectional study. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.1, pp.48-57.  Epub Nov 08, 2020. ISSN 2174-5145.


Altered sleep pattern, diet, and nutritional status in security officers with rotating work schedules was a topic not studied in Panama City. The study aims to evaluate the sleep pattern, nutritional status, and dietary intake of security agents in Panama City.

Material and Methods:

Cross-sectional study with 130 security agents and firefighters in Panama City, conducted from March to December 2019. Sociodemographic evaluation questionnaires (sex, age, provenance, pathological history, among others), insomnia measures were applied using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Questionnaire. Anthropometry, weight, height, and waist circumference were used for nutritional status; and dietary intake through a 24-hour recall. Overweight was considered when the body mass index (BMI) was ≥25kg/m2, obesity of ≥30kg/m2, and abdominal obesity when the waist was ≥88cm in women and ≥102cm in men.


130 subjects were evaluated, mean age of 38.9 (9.4) years (96.6% male). Median (interquartile range) for energy is 2.310 (1.764-3.056) kcal/day, for % of fiber adequacy is 50.8 (30.4-78.8) %, calcium of 39.9 (22.7-62.7) %, vitamin C of 39.4 (11.5-118.5) %, and, vitamin A of 38.0 (16.5-66.2). The central obesity proportion is 44.6%; 85.4% with overweight, and 53.9% with obesity; 19.2% report insomnia; 94.6% drowsiness; 43.1% reported difficulty to sleep; and 56.9% reported sleep less than 7 hours a day.


High proportion of overweight and obesity by BMI; and abdominal obesity according to waist circumference. In addition to alterations in the quality of sleep. The diet is excessive in calories, fat, and carbohydrates and deficient in vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium, and fiber.

Keywords : Sleep; Nutritional Status; Obesity; Feeding Behavior; Eating patterns.

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