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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

versión On-line ISSN 2174-5145versión impresa ISSN 2173-1292


MARQUES, Déborah Cristina de Souza et al. Effect of a multi-professional program on promoting the food health of the elderly: a longitudinal study. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2022, vol.26, n.1, pp.8-18.  Epub 20-Jun-2022. ISSN 2174-5145.


To analyze the food quality of elderly participants in a multi-professional project for health promotion and healthy longevity.


55 older adults aged ≥60 years (66.03±3.68 years) residents in the south of Brazil were recruited. However, 28 elderlies dropped out of the interventions. Thus, 27 elderlies were assessed (before and after 12-week interventions). To evaluate food quality, the data from the food record of three non-consecutive days and the healthy eating index (HEI) were used, which were applied before and after interventions. The intervention was developed for three months, with theoretical-practical classes on multidisciplinary groups as physical education, psychology, and nutrition (with food reeducation - without nutrition plan). The mean, (±) standard deviation, and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated. The comparison between pre- and post-intervention was performed by paired T-test, assuming a p≤0.05.


After 12 weeks, it was observed that the elderly showed higher values for the HEI after the interventions (pre: 47.78±14.23 points; 95%CI: 42.41-53.15, versus 56.30±13.05, 95%CI: 51.37-61.22; with p=0.029; d=0.59; medium effect).


A multidisciplinary approach including a nutritional intervention could promote positive changes in the food quality of the elderly investigated. As a limitation, the absence of a control group and the conduction of a randomized controlled trial are highlighted. However, this study already promotes directions to provide nutritional health in older people.

Palabras clave : Aging; Health Promotion; Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Quality of Life.

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