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Enfermería Nefrológica

versión On-line ISSN 2255-3517versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884

Resumen

GONZALEZ MOLINA, Julián et al. Nursing analysis of the presence of the Buttonhole Technique in Spanish haemodialysis units. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.2, pp.93-98. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842013000200005.

The use of the Buttonhole Technique for vascular access puncture in haemodialysis units in Spain is lower and its implementation is slower than in other European countries. Our experience with the buttonhole technique both in promoting self-care of home haemodialysis patients and patients who receive haemodialysis at the unit, and in the rescue of difficult arteriovenous fistulae, has been very positive, both for patients and professionals. The objectives of our study are based on: • Determining the degree of presence of the buttonhole technique for vascular access puncture in Spanish haemodialysis units. • Identifying the elements related to its limited presence. • Proposing nursing strategies to increase its presence. This is a transversal descriptive study. The population studied was comprised of the Spanish haemodialysis units. To carry out the study a semi-closed questionnaire was drawn up (which was sent to 436 haemodialysis units, obtaining 135 responses: response rate > 31 % of the questionnaires sent, which validates them). Data analysis was carried out using the SPSS 17.0 statistical programme. The relative frequencies of the qualitative variables studied were analysed, as well as the absolute frequencies of the variables with a population of less than 10 cases. Following the results obtained, we can conclude that there is a great difference between the Spanish haemodialysis units that claim to be familiar with the technique and those that use it. This suggests to us that the knowledge could be labelled as "by reference" and not in-depth knowledge; that the knowledge of the technique is theoretical but not sufficient for implementation; that although it is a nursing technique, its use is partially conditioned by nephrologists´ opinion and/or knowledge of it; finally, in order to increase the use of the buttonhole technique, practical workshops on the technique would have to be planned, and the logistical problems would have to be addressed.

Palabras clave : Vascular access puncture; Arteriovenous fistula; Buttonhole Technique.

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