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Enfermería Nefrológica

On-line version ISSN 2255-3517Print version ISSN 2254-2884


BARRIOS ARAYA, Silvia; MASALAN APIP, Patricia  and  FUENTE FLORES, Laura de la. Sleep and its characteristics in people with kidney transplantation. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2016, vol.19, n.3, pp.191-200. ISSN 2255-3517.

After kidney transplantation, people experience various changes in their lives, this affect the quality and characteristics of sleep, primordial aspect for life and human well-being, which has not been widely discussed in the scientific literature. Objective:To understand in people receiving a kidney transplant the characteristics, factors, sleep disturbance and possible interventions to the health team considering sleep as a key variable in care. Methodology: Literature review of 33 primary articles of the last 6 years, Spanish English and Portuguese, on the bases of PUBMED, LILACS, CINAHL, Multibúsqueda of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile and classical literature review of the topic. The information is organized according to the characteristics, alterations, factors of risk in sleep quality and strategies to improve their quality. Conclusions: sleep disturbances can reach up to 62% in the population that has been received kidney transplant, associated with other factors, such as decreased adherence to immunosuppressive therapy, increased morbidity and mortality, and thus its impact on quality of life related to health. In view of the implications for the health of this population it is vital to the health team assess, analyze and generate strategies to improve sleep quality in them.

Keywords : transplantation; kidney; sleep.

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