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Enfermería Nefrológica

versión On-line ISSN 2255-3517versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884


CUEVAS-BUDHART, Miguel Ángel et al. Relationship between complications and the quality of life of the patient on hemodialysis. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.2, pp.112-119. ISSN 2255-3517.


Patients with Cronic Kidney Disease (CKD) are treated with dialysis therapies. Within this type of treatment are Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) and Hemodialysis (HD). Patients undergoing HD have unexpected turn for treatment complications and / or complications of CKD. These increase the number of hospitalizations and deteriorate the quality of life (QOL).


Evaluate the Quality of Life of Patients on hemodialysis and determine the association between complications and QoL.

Material and Method:

Analytical cross-sectional study in 157 patients in HD (75 men, 82 women), aged 18 years and over 3 months treatment. QoL was assessed with the KDQOL-36 instrument, which, measuring 5 dimensions on a scale of 0 to 100. Was conducted of the bivariate analysis, ANOVA and and multiple regression to assess the ratio v Each Dimensions with Age, sex, occupancy, marital status, education, access type venous access time with the ERC, with HD and complications of CKD and HD.


Average age was 50.9 m years. 77% of participants had complications, 69.4% for HD, 5% Evolution of CKD and 25.6% Complications Both. In the multivariate analysis it was found that the presence of both complications deteriorates the complications caused only by the HD tratment.


Hemodialysis tratment complication together with CKD complications greatly deteriorate patinents quality of life.

Palabras clave : of life; hemodialysis; complications.

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