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Enfermería Nefrológica

versão On-line ISSN 2255-3517versão impressa ISSN 2254-2884


QUIJADA BOX, María Teresa  e  GOMEZ SANCHEZ, Rosario. Prevalence and the knowledge of risk factors in patients in dialysis treatment. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2018, vol.21, n.2, pp.130-136. ISSN 2255-3517.


Chronic Kidney Disease is increasing in the last decades. A closely relation with cardiovascular risk factors has been shown.


To know the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a sample of patients in dialysis treatment in a clinic in the Región de Murcia, as well as to determine the risk factors.

Material and Method:

A cross- sectional descriptive study in a clinic in the Región de Murcia between the month of March and July, 2017 was carried out. A sample of 55 patients is selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria.


Of the 55 subjects (36 males and 19 females), of whom only 40% knew the cause which had caused the entrance to dialysis treatment, being this knowledge higher among females than males. The sample was analysed to determine the cardiovascular risk factors. They found 40% of patients with diabetes mellitus, 90.9% with high blood pressure, a 63.6% had Dyslipidemia, 47.3% had a sedentary lifestyle, 69% overweight or some kind of obesity and 36.4% of the patients were smokers.


There is a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the population studied, and approximately half of the sample do not know.

Palavras-chave : cardiovascular diseases; risk factors; dialysis; chronic kidney disease; nursing.

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