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Enfermería Nefrológica

versión On-line ISSN 2255-3517versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884


PEREZ-TORRES, Almudena et al. Dietary recommendations for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and SARS-CoV-2 infection. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2020, vol.23, n.3, pp.244-251.  Epub 04-Ene-2021. ISSN 2255-3517.

The prevalence of malnutrition in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease is high, increasing in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The relationship between inflammation and nutrition in kidney disease is known, so the previous presence of malnutrition conditions worsens the prognosis of infection.

The objective of this article is the creation of specific dietary recommendations for patients with chronic kidney disease and infection or post-infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, adapted to the stage of the disease and the stage of the infection process.

The nutritional approach begins with the assessment of nutritional status, recommending minimizing physical contact through the use of the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria and the rapid sarcopenia questionnaire (SARC-F).

The dietary recommendations should consider the stage of chronic kidney disease, the stage of infection by SARS-CoV-2 and the complications arising that compromise oral intake, among the most common are: anorexia, ageusia, dysphagia and diarrhea. In this document, tables of daily intakes have been prepared adapted to different situations. In those patients who do not meet the nutritional requirements, it is recommended to start with an early nutritional supplementation, considering the consequences of the infection described.

Due to the high risk of malnutrition in patients with chronic kidney disease and SARS-CoV-2 infection, it is recommended to adapt the assessment of nutritional status and treatment, as well as to carry out monitoring after the active infection phase.

Palabras clave : COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; chronic kidney disease; dialysis; nutritrion; dietary.

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