SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.23 número4Resultados de un programa de ejercicio físico domiciliario en pacientes con enfermedad renalPercepción de los estudiantes de enfermería sobre sus conocimientos acerca de la enfermería nefrológica índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


Enfermería Nefrológica

versión On-line ISSN 2255-3517versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884


MARTINEZ-ALVAREZ, Patricia et al. Analysis of the influence of the primary caregiver in the nutritional status of the patient on hemodialysis. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2020, vol.23, n.4, pp.381-387.  Epub 25-Ene-2021. ISSN 2255-3517.


People undergoing renal replacement therapy for hemodialysis frequently suffer a certain degree of caloric-protein malnutrition due to dietary restrictions and poor food choices. Malnutrition together with inflammation affects quality of life and increases mortality.


To determine the nutritional status of patients on hemodialysis and the relationship with who cooks the food. To establish the relationship between the degree of compliance with the therapeutic recommendations and the nutritional status.

Material and Method:

Cross-sectional and descriptive study in a population of patients on hospital hemodialysis. Sociodemographic data, clinical history, analytical and anthropometric results were collected. Nutritional status was assessed using the MIS scale. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the variables under study was carried out.


The degree of malnutrition was 32.4% (n = 34). No significant difference was found between nutritional status and the main caregiver. Although 76.5% reported following the dietary recommendations, only 44% had adequate serum potassium values and 34.7% met the recommended inter-dialytic weight gain.


Malnutrition continues to be a frequent problem in hemodialysis units. Measures should be taken to reduce this problem, either with educational actions on nutrition or even evaluating the use of dietary supplements. Nursing must continue to reinforce dietary recommendations so that compliance referred by patients can be objectified and reflected in the analytical results.

Palabras clave : malnutrition; hemodialysis; diet; treatment adherence and compliance; caregivers.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )