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Enfermería Nefrológica

On-line version ISSN 2255-3517Print version ISSN 2254-2884


RODRIGUEZ-ZAMORA, María Cristina et al. Patient's experiences of being diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and being admitted to peritoneal dialysis. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2022, vol.25, n.1, pp.59-65.  Epub May 09, 2022. ISSN 2255-3517.


A significant number of patients starting on peritoneal dialysis are simultaneously told that they have end-stage chronic kidney disease and require peritoneal dialysis. For many patients the news is unexpected and heartbreaking, as they have to access dialysis in order to stay alive.


Qualitative, descriptive study with a phenomenological approach. Of the 106 patients who were admitted to the outpatient peritoneal dialysis program, and who were asked for informed consent to answer the (Coping Inventory Strategies) instrument, 14 patients were selected who expressed their experiences regarding the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease and the urgent need for peritoneal dialysis. They were asked to write in one page how they coped with the news of chronic renal failure and the need for peritoneal dialysis.


The mean age was 58.3 years, 66% female and 34% male. Three categories and seven subcategories were identified: socio-occupational (social stigma and uncertainty about the work situation); attitude to death (resignation and guilt) and family support (decision-making, motivation and support). The highest number of patients fell into the category of attitude to death and the subcategory of resignation as a coping strategy.


Patients described the phase when they learned of their diagnosis and admission to peritoneal dialysis as the most difficult and traumatic time, expressed feelings of distress, personal or social limitations and confessed dependence on family support.

Keywords : patient experiences; self-care; peritoneal dialysis; phenomenology.

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