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Revista ORL

versión On-line ISSN 2444-7986


VIVEROS-DIEZ, Patricia et al. Cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal: case series study. Rev. ORL [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.2, pp.129-138.  Epub 13-Oct-2020. ISSN 2444-7986.


External auditory canal cholesteatoma (EACC) is a rare entity characterized by the invasion of squamous tissue in the auditory canal, that progresses to bone destruction. Due to the scarcity of published cases of EACC, we have deemed useful this review.

Material and methods:

Prospective and observational study from the year 2000 to the present in 18 patients clinically diagnosed with EACC in our ORL service.


The percentage of men and women is similar, with a mean age at diagnosis of 60 years. The most frequently location was postero-inferior, and in most cases, the origin is primary. Otalgia, otorrhea and subjective hearing loss were the main symptoms, being less common the pruritus and exceptional facial weakness. Overall, the treatment is conservative, but it was necessary surgical treatment on one-third of the patients, performing canaloplasty or mastoidectomy, according to the extent of injuries.


Although we do not know the genesis and pathogenic mechanisms responsible of EACC formation and development, the inclusion of keratin between the epithelium and bone, with the participation of the periosteum, seems to be the trigger of this process. The diagnosis is clinical, and its extension determines the use of a local or surgical treatment, which is usually resolutive.

Palabras clave : External auditory canal cholestatoma; Cholesteatoma; External ear canal; Canaloplasty; Surgery; CT.

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