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Revista ORL

versão On-line ISSN 2444-7986


BENITO-OREJAS, José Ignacio et al. Results of applying a safety protocol of the patient with tracheotomy from a critical care unit. Rev. ORL [online]. 2022, vol.13, n.3, pp.211-225.  Epub 21-Nov-2022. ISSN 2444-7986.

Introduction and objective:

Increasing the number of tracheostomies in critical care units significantly increases morbimortality in the wards. To reverse this, we have implemented a multidisciplinary follow-up program based on training, standardization of care and the adoption of new strategies.


Prospective and observational cohort study of the follow-up of 150 patients in a third-level university hospital that does not have a step-down unit. We record and analyze the clinical and epidemiological variables and the evolution after the application of the program.


The average age was 61 years old, 67 % male, and 41 % neurocritical care patients. Percutaneous tracheostomy in 71 % of all tracheostomies. Global mortality was 17 % and that of patients with stroke was 6.3 %. Readmission to critical care units was 8 %. Low-severity complications were detected in 23 % of patients. The decannulation process was completed during admission in 43 % of patients, 38 % in all discharged from hospital, 55 % of them with oral feeding now of discharge. Average stay in critical care unit was 34 days and hospital length of stay was 70 days.


This work describes the results obtained after applying a multidisciplinary follow-up protocol in the wards, of the tracheotomized patient who comes from the critical care units. The purpose of this follow-up is to improve the safety of these patients, to reduce their morbimortality. The application of new strategies will allow their evaluation in relation to the data obtained from this study.

Palavras-chave : tracheotomy; patient safety; quality improvement; critical cares units; multidisciplinary care; complications.

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