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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Nutr. Hosp. vol.32 n.2 Madrid Aug. 2015 



Association of Helicobacter pylori infection with nutritional status and food intake

Asociación de la infección por Helicobacter pylori con el estado nutricional y la ingesta de alimentos



Daianne Cristina Rocha1, Helena Alves de Carvalho Sampaio1, José Wellington de Oliveira Lima1, Antônio Augusto Ferreira Carioca2, Gláucia Posso Lima3, Ticihana Ribeiro de Oliveira4, Clarice Maria Araújo Chagas Vergara5, Diana Célia Sousa Nunes Pinheiro6, José Ruver Lima Herculano Júnior4 and Thais Helena de Pontes Ellery8

1Postgraduate Program in Public Health, State University of Ceara (UECE), Fortaleza-CE.
2Faculty of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo-SP.
3Postgraduate Program in Education Health, State University of Ceara (UECE), Fortaleza- CE.
4University Center Estacio of Ceara (ESTACIO/FIC), Fortaleza-CE.
5University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR),Fortaleza-CE.
6Faculty of Veterinary, State University of Ceara (UECE), Fortaleza-CE.
7Department of Gastroenterology,General Hospital of Fortaleza, Fortaleza-CE.
8Faculty of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo-SP (Brasil).




Introduction: the H. pylori infection affects more than half of humanity, being a public health problem. Its prevalence is significantly higher in developing countries like Brazil. It has been suggested that H. pylori infection may influence the intake and caloric homeostasis.
Purpose: to compare nutritional status and food intake of patients attended by National Health System, with and without H. pylori infection.
Methods: 140 patients were assessed. They performed upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to investigate the presence of H. pylori. Body weight and height of the patients were measured. Food intake was investigated through two 24-hour recalls, with data transformed in grams and analyzed in DietWin Professional 2.0 software. The findings were compared using the chi-square test or Student's t-test, adopting p < 0.05 as significance level.
Results: there was predominance of patients with excess weight for both Hp - (60.3%) and Hp + (67.7%), with no difference between them. Food intake of assessed groups was similar.
Conclusion: no differences were found in nutritional status and food intake between the two studied groups.

Key words: Helicobacter pylori. Obesity. Body weight. Nutritional status. Diet.


Introducción: la infección por H. pylori afecta a más de la mitad de la humanidad, siendo un problema de salud pública. Su prevalencia es significativamente mayor en los países en desarrollo, como Brasil. Se ha sugerido que la infección por H. pylori puede influir en la ingesta y la homeostasis calórica.
Propósito: comparar el estado nutricional y la ingesta de alimentos de los pacientes incluidos en el Sistema Nacional de Salud, con y sin infección por H. pylori.
Métodos: se evaluarón 140 pacientes. Realizaron la endoscopia digestiva alta para investigar la presencia de H. pylori. Se midieron el peso corporal y la altura de los pacientes. La ingesta de alimentos se investigó a través de dos recordatorios de 24 horas, con los dados transformados en gramos y analizados en el software DietWin Professional 2.0. Los resultados se compararon mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado o la prueba t de Student. Se adoptó de p < 0,05 como nivel de significación.
Resultados: hubo predominio de pacientes con exceso de peso tanto para Hp - (60,3%) como Hp + (67,7%), sin diferencias entre ellos. La ingesta de alimentos de los grupos evaluados fue similar.
Conclusiones: no hubo diferencias en el estado nutricional y la ingesta de alimentos entre los dos grupos.

Palabras clave: Helicobacter pylori. Obesidad. Peso corporal. Estado nutricional. Dieta.

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