SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.104 número4Prevalencia de la infección por H. pylori. Relación con la infección por virus de la hepatitis ADudas y similitudes entre la enfermedad de Crohn y la púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.104 no.4 Madrid abr. 2012 



The mathematics behind the twin-stoma gastrostomy

Las matemáticas detrás de la gastrostomía de estoma doble



Key words: Gastrostomy. Enteral nutrition. Dysphagia. Tube feeding. Stroke.

Palabras clave: Gastrostomía. Nutrición enteral. Disfagia. Alimentación por sonda. ACV.



Dear Editor,

The twin-stoma gastrostomy and the loop-gastrostomy tube are counterparties. They give a fine-bore, secure and easy to exchange feeding tube. We analyze the twin-stoma to get a handle on the loop-tube. The mathematics of the twin-stoma supports the loop-tube as the feeding tube of choice, for all seasons.

The loop-gastrostomy tube is a secure feeding tube because it is locked in position (1). At the same time, it is safe to exchange because the fresh tube is belayed into position by the old (2). The counterparty to a tube is the stoma. We analyze the twin-stoma for a deeper understanding of the loop-tube (Fig. 1).


In figure 2, A is a single stoma whereas B, C, D, E and F are pairs of stomas. The combined diameters (d1 + d2) of the two stomas in each pair are equal to the diameter (D) of A. It can be proven that the area of every pair is smaller than A.

Traditionally, the single stoma has been the standard. In the clinical setting, the good doctor inserts a larger-caliber tube which can be deployed, not a smaller-caliber one which is available. This is the default policy, regardless of the technique of insertion (surgical, laparoscopic, endoscopic or radiologic). There are practical reasons for it. First, a larger tube allows a thicker feed to be given. Second, it allows a smoother flow for any given feed. Third, it takes a longer time to clog up. Exchange of tube is thus delayed for a longer period of time.

If the standard tube which results in stoma A is safe, then two tubes which result in B, C, D, E or F are safer. This conclusion is logical because the total area they occupy is smaller. Indeed, clinical experience has confirmed that the smaller-caliber tube has a lower rate of infection (3).

Intuitively, the smallest stoma is preferred by the patient. Of the pairs, D (twin-stoma) has the smallest area, is the most comfortable.

With the twin-stoma, the wise doctor follows a different policy: insert the smallest-caliber loop-tube which can handle the chosen commercial formula, giving maximum comfort to the patient. A blocked tube is no longer an issue because tube exchange is risk-free (2).

In conclusion, the twin-stoma gives a small but useable footprint. This is not the impression many doctors have when they encounter the loop-gastrostomy tube for the first time. Our article hopes to correct the misconception. Clearly, the mathematics underscores it as the feeding tube of choice, regardless of season.


Ah San Pang1 and Soong Kuan Wong2
1LP Surgery. 2The Colorectal Clinic. Mount Alvernia Medical Centre A, Singapore



1. Pang AS, Low JM. The twin-stoma gastrostomy. ANZ J Surg 2011;81:575.         [ Links ]

2. Pang AS. Risk-free gastrostomy tube exchange. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2011;93:419-20.         [ Links ]

3. Zopf Y, Konturek P, Nuernberger A, Maiss J, Zenk J, Iro H et al. Local infection after placement of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes: A prospective study evaluating risk factors. Can J Gastroenterol 2008;22:987-91.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons