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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.109 n.6 Madrid Jun. 2017




Mesenteric-portal axis thrombosis and deep venous thrombosis in a patient with inferior vena cava agenesis

Trombosis del eje mesentérico-portal y trombosis venosa profunda en paciente con agenesia de la vena cava inferior



Laia Lluis-Pons1, Nadia Chahri-Vizcarro1, Silvia Llaverias-Borrell2 and Carlos Miquel-Abbad3

Departments of 1Gastroenterology, 2Radiology, and 3Vascular Surgery. Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor. Barcelona, Spain



Case report

We report the case of a 41-year-old patient who presented with abdominal pain and lower extremity edema. He was diagnosed with portal thrombosis and mesenteric-portal confluence thrombosis as well as bilateral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and right lumbar vein thrombosis, all in association with congenital agenesis of the inferior vena cava (IVC).

Figure 1 shows a coronal reconstruction of a multi-slice computed tomography (CT) with intravenous contrast in the portal phase, where the hepatic and suprarenal trajectory of the IVC (dotted line) appears to be interrupted. This is consistent with IVC agenesis, and a thin remnant of the infrarenal segment may be seen as a filiform repletion defect which is attributable to thrombosis (arrow). Vascular structures that may be related to collateral circulation have developed at the right pararenal level (white arrowhead). Both common iliac veins are dilated (stars). Figure 2 shows a coronal slice at the main portal vein level with the absence of contrast along its trajectory and only a thin line enhancing the upper contour, which is compatible with acute portal thrombosis (arrows).





ICV agenesis is a rare vascular malformation associated with DVT in 5-9% of cases. The fact that patient presentation is concomitant with lumbar vein and portal vein thrombosis is particularly interesting since only one case relating IVC agenesis to portal thrombosis has been reported so far in the literature (Ormaechea et al. [3]). No cases have been reported where this malformation is associated with such an extensive multiple thrombosis.



1. García-Fuster MJ, Forner MJ, Flor-Lorente B, et al. Anomalías de la vena cava y trombosis venosa profunda. Rev Esp Cardiol 2006;59(2):171-5. DOI: 10.1157/13084646.         [ Links ]

2. Lambert M, Marboeuf P, Midulla M, et al. Inferior vena cava agenesis and deep vein thrombosis: 10 patients and review of the literature. Vasc Med 2010;15(15):451-9. DOI: 10.1177/1358863X10391355.         [ Links ]

3. Ormaechea C, Praderi R. Portal vein thrombosis and agenesis of the inferior vena cava. Arq Bras Med 1960;50:479-80.         [ Links ]