SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.109 issue6Mesenteric-portal axis thrombosis and deep venous thrombosis in a patient with inferior vena cava agenesisRecurrent hyperammonemic encephalopathy: embolization of the portosystemic shunt author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  


Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.109 n.6 Madrid Jun. 2017




A bronchobiliary fistula due to a giant hydatid cyst



Marcello Di Martino, Claudio Laganá, Jesús Delgado Valdueza and Elena Martín-Pérez

Hospital Universitario de La Princesa. Madrid, Spain



Case report

A 55-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic due to chronic cough and biliptysia with hydatid debris expectoration during previous two months duration. Physical examination revealed a decrease in breath sounds in the right chest and palpable hepatomegaly. An indirect hemagglutination test was positive for anti-Echinococcus antibodies. A chest X-ray showed an elevation of the right diaphragm and right lower lobe opacity due to the intrathoracic component of the hydatid cyst (Fig. 1). An abdominal magnetic resonance imaging test showed a giant multiseptated hepatic cyst which was consistent with a hydatid cyst type CE 2 based on the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, which communicated with the biliary tree (Fig. 2) with massive extension to the right hemithorax (Fig. 3).





The patient was given 400 mg of albendazone every 12 hours and underwent abdominal surgery, which consisted of a pericystectomy of the giant hydatid cyst with evacuation of cyst debris from the bile duct, closure of hepatobronchial fistula, and repair of the diaphragm.



Intrathoracic rupture of a hydatid cyst of the liver is a rare but severe complication of echinococcal disease with an incidence of around 1% and a mortality rate of approximately 10% (1). Early diagnosis and management of septic associated complications are essential (2). Surgery represents the definitive treatment with four main goals: treating the hydatid disease, assuring a free drainage of bile through the common bile duct, and closure of the hepatodiaphragmatic communication and of the tracheobronchial fistula (3). In cases of a simultaneous rupture of the cyst into the lung and the biliary tree, the evacuation of cyst debris from the bile duct takes priority over other surgical interventions.



1. Tierris EJ, Avgeropoulos K, Kourtis K, et al. Bronchobiliary fistula due to echinococcosis of the liver. World J Surg 1977;1(1):99-104. DOI: 10.1007/BF01654744.         [ Links ]

2. Mihmanli M, Idiz UO, Kaya C, et al. Current status of diagnosis and treatment of hepatic echinococcosis. World J Hepatol 2016;8(28):1169-81. DOI: 10.4254/wjh.v8.i28.1169.         [ Links ]

3. Tocchi A, Mazzoni G, Miccini M, et al. Treatment of hydatid bronchobiliary fistulas: 30 years of experience. Liver Int 2007;27(2):209-14. DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2007.01435.x.         [ Links ]