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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.109 n.9 Madrid Sep. 2017

http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2017.4880/2017 

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

 

Segmental intestinal necrosis in a young patient

Necrosis intestinal segmentaria en paciente joven

 

 


Key words: Intestinal necrosis. Colonic segmental necrosis. Segmental ischemia.

Palabras clave: Necrosis intestinal. Necrosis segmentaria colon. Isquemia segmentaria.


 

Dear Editor,

Segmental colon ischemia is an unusual disease that is mainly caused by cocaine abuse as described by Fernandes (1).

A 46 year old man with a previous history of secondary hemoventricule due to arteriovenous malformation and residual focal seizures under treatment with carbamazepine, levetiracetam, lamotrigine and zonisamide presented to the emergency department due to intensive abdominal pain during the last 12 hours. On physical examination, stable blood pressure and diffuse abdominal pain with signs of peritonitis was observed. The blood analysis showed 19,990 leukocytes/µL with neutrophilia. An abdominal CT scan showed a slimming right colon wall and mesenteric inflammatory signs. Afterwards, the patient had a severe hypotension and emergency surgery was required. A segmental necrosis of the right and transversal colon was found but the terminal ileum and its mesentery were normal. An extended right colectomy with a terminal ileostomy was performed. The patient had a satisfactory recovery. The angioMRI showed that the abdominal aorta and its branches were normal. An echocardiogram showed no evidence of thromboembolism. HIV, HCV and HBV antibodies were negative. Blood and urine tests for drugs were negative. Hypercoagulability blood tests were negative and the stool culture was also negative. The patient had intense abdominal pain, hypotension and increased inflammatory markers on the fifth postoperative day. Surgery was performed and a 40 cm region of the terminal ileum with segmental necrosis was found. An intestinal resection and a new ileostomy were performed. The postoperative outcome was uneventful. Pathological analysis showed ischemic colitis without vasculitis or signs of embolization (Fig. 1).

 

 

Discussion

Segmental ischemic colitis in young patients is an uncommon disease and the main cause is cocaine abuse (2). However, there are other less frequent causes such as intestinal inflammatory disease, autoimmune vasculitis, myointimal hyperplasia of mesenteric vein, infectious colitis and neuroleptic drugs (1,3). This patient was under treatment with four antiepileptic drugs although; intestinal ischemia is not one of its side effects. We consider this a rare case as the etiology was not found even after a complete diagnostic study and the patient had a second attack during hospital admission.

 

María Pilar Guillén-Paredes1, Josefa Martínez-Fernández1 and Graciela Valero-Navarro2
Department of General and Digestive Surgery.
1Hospital Comarcal del Noroeste. Caravaca de la Cruz. Murcia, Spain.
2Hospital Universitario Morales Meseguer. Murcia, Spain

 

References

1. Fernandes SR, Alves R, Araújo Correia L, et al. Severe ischemic colitis following olanzapine use - A case report. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2016;108(9):595-8. DOI: 10.17235/reed.2016.3944/2015.         [ Links ]

2. Chan YC, Camprodon RAM, Kane PA, et al. Abdominal complications from crack cocaine. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2004;86:47-50.         [ Links ]

3. Costa MN, Saiote J, Pinheiro MJ, et al. Segmental colitis caused by idiopathic myointimal hyperplasia of mesenteric veins. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2016;108(12):821-6. DOI: 10.17235/reed.2016. 4051/2015.         [ Links ]