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Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte

versión On-line ISSN 2172-5063versión impresa ISSN 1888-7546

Rev Andal Med Deporte vol.8 no.1 Sevilla mar. 2015 



SYMPOSIUM EXERNET. Investigación en Ejercicio y Salud: Presente y Futuro en España.
Granada, 7-8 de Noviembre de 2014


Effects of an exercise intervention on health-related quality of life and optimism in middle aged women: the FLAMENCO project



M. Borges-Cosica, F.J. Gallob, A. Andradec, D. Camiletti-Moirónc, V. Segura-Jiméneza, P. Ruiz-Cabelloc, T. García-Revellesd, I.C. Álvarez-Gallardoa, F. Estévez-Lópeza, A.R. Peces-Ramac, A. Carbonell-Baezae, M. Delgado-Fernándeza, V.A. Aparicioc

aDepartment of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain
bZaidín Sur healthcare centre, and Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine. University of Granada, Spain
cDepartment of Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Faculty of Sport Sciences, and Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Granada, Spain
dDepartment of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Granada, Spain
eDepartment of Physical Education. Faculty of Education Science. University of Cádiz, Spain
Correo electrónico: (M. Borges-Cosic).


Key words: Menopause. mental health. physical health. physical fitness.


Objective. Menopause is characterized by the presence of emotional instability and greater dissatisfaction with life. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the effects of an exercise intervention on quality of life and optimism in perimenopausal women.
Method. Fourteen perimenopausal women (54.1 ± 3.2 years) participated in a 9 weeks (60 minutes/session, 3 days/week) moderate-vigorous intensity (12-16 rating of perceived effort) exercise intervention (aerobic and resistance exercise mainly). Health-related quality of life and general optimism and pessimism were evaluated by means of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Revised Life Orientation Test, respectively. Non-parametric Wilcoxon signed ranks test for paired samples was used.
Results. The exercise program improved physical function by 12% (P < 0.05) and emotional role by 18% (P = 0.05). No statistically significant differences were found for the remaining SF-36 dimensions. After the exercise intervention participants' general optimism improved 21% (P < 0.05).
Conclusion. An exercise intervention program is successful by improving the physical functioning and general optimism of perimenopausal women. Because of the small sample size, the results must be taken cautiously. Future studies with greater sample sizes should confirm the present results.

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