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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


GARCIA MOLINA, Daniel et al. Submandibular gland excisions: causes and complications. A review of 160 cases. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2014, vol.36, n.2, pp.59-63. ISSN 2173-9161.

Objective: A review is presented of 160 sub-mandibular gland excisions performed at third level hospital over a ten year period. Patients and methods: The medical records and case notes of all patients with submandibular gland excision were reviewed retrospectively from January 2001 to July 2011. This data included gender, age, histopathology of the submandibular gland, diagnostic procedures, surgical reports, and follow-up. This study was also compared with similar studies published in other countries. Results: Chronic sialadenitis and sialolithiasis of the submandibular gland was found in 114 cases (71.25%) of the series. Thirty-six neoplasms (78.88% benign and 22.22% malignant) were found. The most frequent benign and malignant neoplasms found were pleomorphic adenoma (26 cases) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (7 cases), respectively. Conclusions: The present study showed that the main cause of sub-mandibular gland excision in our reference population was sialadenitis and sialolithiasis. The most frequent neoplasms were pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma, similar to other published reports. In this study, there was a higher incidence of benign neoplasms than in previous reports. The most common complication was facial nerve neuropraxia.

Keywords : Sialolithiasis; Sialadenitis; Submandibular gland; Sialadenectomy; Sub-mandibular gland excision.

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