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FEM: Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica

versión On-line ISSN 2014-9840versión impresa ISSN 2014-9832


IBARROLA-NUNEZ, Gonzalo; BERMUDEZ-OYARZUN, Maximiliano  y  MOLINA-CASTRO, Pedro. Problematic areas of the educational environment in d entistry students according to the DREEM questionnaire. A bibliographic review. FEM (Ed. impresa) [online]. 2022, vol.25, n.3, pp.127-135.  Epub 28-Sep-2022. ISSN 2014-9840.


The educational environment (AE) is defined as everything that surrounds the student in the academy. Knowing the perception of students about AE is relevant to create quality study plans, this can be measured with different instruments, one of them is the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). In dentistry this aspect has a special meaning because its students face a complex AE that changes over the years. Therefore, the objective of this research was to identify, based on the literature, the most problematic areas of the AE according to the perception of dental students based on the DREEM questionnaire.

Materials and methods.

A bibliographic review was carried out, with search strategies related to DREEM and dental education in the PubMed, EBSCO, Scielo and Web of Science databases; with articles published from January 2010 to October 2020.


Of 305 studies, 11 fulfilled the eligibility criteria and were selected for analysis. All the studies examined EA with the DREEM questionnaire in undergraduate dental students. From this it was extracted that the most problematic items (score less than 2) were items 3,4,42,48,25 and 9.


Students perceived aspects related to academic stress, teachers and the teaching method as problem areas. These difficulties are common in dental schools and the literature has proposed multiple solutions in order to improve EA.

Palabras clave : Dental education; Dental student; DREEM; Education programs; Educational environment; Perception.

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