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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558

Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac vol.31 n.6 Madrid Nov./Dec. 2009




Clinical Report: Patient's progress one year after being treated with immediate loading bone integrated implants after removal of cementoblastomas

Evolución de 1 año de un paciente rehabilitado con implantes oseointegrados de carga inmediata después de la resección quirúrgica de un cementoblastoma: Reporte clínico



E.J. de Moraes1, N. Benevides Moraes2, D. Farias Miranda3

1 Head of Oral Implantology Course, Post Graduation Department, Centro Universitario Serra dos Orgãos (UNIFESO). Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2 Scientific Initiation Program of Oral Pathology Department, Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3 Head of Oral Implantology clinic. Carabineros de Chile, Santiago, Chile.





The authors present a clinical case of a patient with two cementoblastomas who was treated with four implants installed using Speed Master System. The prosthesis was seated 48 hours after surgery. The clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed 14 months later and it was determined that the implants were in satisfactory conditions.

Key words: Cementoblastoma; Osseointegraton; Immediate loading.


Se presenta un caso clínico correspondiente a un paciente con diágnostico de dos cementoblastomas, en el cual, posterior a la resección quirúrgica de ambos tumores, se rehabilitó con una prótesis sobre implantes de carga inmediata. Para esto instalaron 4 implantes, utilizando el sistema de Carga Inmediata Speed Máster (Conexão Sistema de Prótesis- São Paulo- Brazil) con la instalación de la prótesis 48 horas después de la cirugía. La evolución clínica y radiográfica fue seguida por 14 meses, comprobando que los implantes mantenían una condición adecuada

Palabras clave: Cementoblastoma; Osteointegración; Carga inmediata.


Osseo integration establishes a new era for implantology, allowing implant use in maxilla "edentula" with better predictability and a higher success rate. The development of a prosthetic surgical protocol proven by a 15 year clinical study, in addition to the experimental lab studies related to bone healing, it was verified that a 3-6 month period would be the minimum time to get Osseo integration before submitting the implants to a working load. Meanwhile the classic protocol for the 2 stage Osseo integration, guaranteed by 35 yeas of clinical experience, has been modified over time. These modifications, in some cases, allow for a reduction in wait time before patient rehabilitation.

Using clinical results and histological discoveries various authors have shown success using Osseo integrated implants subjected to immediate loading. This alternative at optimized time of treatment.7,8,10,11,12,16 The Branemark NOVUM system was developed in order to make it possible to install the prosthesis over implants 6-8 hours after surgery. In accordance with this protocol the implants should be rigidly connected and positioned with precision, being subjected to immediate loading without altering the Osseo integration process.



Benign cementoblastoma is a "real" cementoma, a rare neoplasm that represents 6.2% of all odontogenic tumors. More than 90% of these tumors have a well defined radiographic area or a mix of dense associated masses around the dental roots. It is a slow growing tumor, which in some cases displaces the bone cortica. The World Health Organization (2005) classified cementoblastoma as a benign tumor derived from odontogenic mesenchyme or odontogenic ectomesenchyme with or without odontogenic epithelium. In the group of tumors called cementomas we find periapical cementomas and cementificant fibromas. The proper treatment consists of removal of the lesions along with the involved tooth, followed by curettage or peripheral osseotomy. Some authors suggest the use of bone grafts or guided bone regeneration after the tumor is removed.


Clinical Case

Male patient, 62 years old, beneficiary of a bilateral removable partial prosthesis in the mandible, supported by the inferior canines. He comes to consult because of a wound in the right mandible mucosa. The patient reports having surgery to remove a dental piece in this area 4 months prior. The affected region did not have good healing and this condition made it impossible to use a removable prosthesis (Fig. 1).


During the clinical exam we see a wound in the alveolar mucosa on the right mandible side. The radiograph shows a well defined radiopaque region associated with the remaining dental root around the 4.6 tooth. There is also a well defined radio lucid area in the periapical region of the left inferior canine (Fig. 2).


Treatment plan and Installation of implants

Based on the patient's conditions, the proposal was to remove the remaining tooth and tumors, install implants and prosthetic rehab with immediate loading.

The motive for the visit was a wound in the mandible mucosa that made chewing impossible with the removable prosthesis. The proposed treatment was rehabilitation with a fixed prosthesis over implants installed after 48 hours. The patient accepted. The surgery consists of a supracrestal incision in the anterior region of the mandible with a vestibular and lingual flap. After the dental elements were removed and a rotary osteotomy was carried out in order to flatten the bone and the alveolar crest in order to get a plateau.

In relation to the conditions presented by the patient, the exodontic was planned for the remaining tooth and the removal of tumors along with the installation of implants and prosthetic rehab with immediate loading.

Although the purpose of the patients visit was because of a mucosa mandible that made chewing impossible the patient accepted the proposed treatment based on Osseo integrated implants and rehabilitation with fixed prosthesis 48 hours later.

The surgery consisted of a supracrestal incision in the anterior region of the vestibular and lingual region. Afterwards the teeth were removed and osteotomy with drills 701 and 702 was performed to remove a bone block and a cementoma. Then the cavity was filed with biomaterials HA and bovine bone. In the area were the implants were placed, osteotomy was performed with Speedy Master system to flatten the alveolar crest and to form a plateau (Fig. 3).

An hour before the surgical procedure began the patient was administered 2 g of Amoxicillin and 4 mg of Betamethasone. After surgery the patient took 500 mg of Amoxicillin 4 times a day for 7 days and Tenoxiam 20 mg once a day for 3 days. To control the plaque mouthwash with Chlorhexidine solution. 12% was prescribed 3 times a day. The histological exam discovered a well embraced tumor that had a mosaic appearance, dense irregular sheets and cement type tissue without interstitial tissue. There was cementoid tissue with hyper chromatic cementoblasts.

Proposed treatment consisted of the installation of implants subjected to immediate loading, so we used the Speedy Master system (Conexao Sistema de Prosthesis, Sao Paulo Brazil). This system is made of a premade metal surgical screen that should be fixed with titanium micro screws, to perforate the implant floor in the pre established areas. Vasconcellos et al.20 had good results with the newly proposed immediate loading protocol.

After the implementation of the beds, 4 implants (3.75 mm diameter and 13 mm length) were installed. Their design was screw-like and the surface was treated with acid and internal hexagon, anchored with a 45 Ncm torque in the interforaminal region.

The conic pillars were connected to the implants with a 20 Ncm torque. The pillars were installed by impression and the suture was carried out in the soft tissue with 5-0 mono nylon.


Post operative register and prosthetic protocol

After suturing the pillars were ferulized with acrylic resin (Pattern Resin, GCAmerica, Alsip, IL) and later they were joined to the multi purpose groove (this groove, apart from being a surgical groove that helps obtain intermaxilla registers like: vertical dimension, occlusion and position of the implants). It also injected Speedex condensed silicone (Vigodent, Rio de Janiero, Brasil) under the resin connected to the groove, to establish a reference for the soft tissue.

Once removed multipurpose groove was removed they installed the titanium components over the pillars, under absolute isolation with a rubber dam. The metallic superstructure, premade by the Speedy Master with Panavia F (Kuraray Co, Kurashiki, Japan) was cemented over the titanium components.

The metallic superstructure with united components was removed and sent to the lab so that the final prosthesis could be made. Afterwards the protective covers were installed on the pillars.

From the registers established by the multipurpose acrylic groove a model was made out of Velmix type IV plaster (Kerr, Orange, CA). The master model was placed on the semi adjustable articulator to make the prosthesis. Hybrid prosthesis was made with acrylic teeth pressed over the premade metal supra structure (Fig. 4).

48 hours after the surgery fixed mandible prosthesis is installed to the pillars with prosthetic screws. For the first 6 months the prosthesis is not removed, and the patients are examined once a month for one year. When the prosthesis is removed the implants had no sign of mobility or inflammation. To review each implant they used the criteria proposed by Albrektsson and Zarb related to the bleeding index, radiographic control and contra-torque test (10 Ncm) (Figs. 5 and 6).



This case has different characteristics than routine clinical conditions. The patient had an odontogenic tumor and was treated with implants subjected to immediate loading associated with resection surgery of the tumor.

The treatment used in this case was surgical removal of the tumor and extraction of the teeth related to the lesion. Followed by a curettage and periapical osteotomy following the guidelines proposed by Brannon et al. Other authors suggested groove bone regeneration after the removal of the cementoblast fragments. In this case when Rog was used the results were not good.

The prosthetic protocol used was the Immediate Loading Speed Master System, following the protocol proposed by Vaconecellos et al, which is the same as the principles presented by the Branemark Novum System.

Despite some differences between the protocols, the basic concept of prevention of implant micro movement sited by Skalak was respected. All of the implants were installed using an initial 45 Ncm anchor and Feruized with a rigid suprastructure.

Cementing the titanium supra structure over the components was based on the studies presented by Jimenez- Lopes 9 and STRUB et al 13 of prosthetic passivity. Jimenez- Lopes 9 proved to be effective and resistant to the cement to fix the components to the prosthesis. The Alba junior et al. studies verified the results of these authors. Some authors have clinically compared the success of the proposed cementation of the suprastructure over the titanium components.

The presentation of this case has shown that the use of Osseo integrated immediate loading implants it is possible to carry out the removal of the cementoblasts. The application of this protocol for other similar cases requires careful planning.



Eduardo J. Moraes

Recibido: 21.07.2008
Aceptado: 30.11.2009




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